How To Prepare To Lead

A Simple Recipe for Preparing a Bible Study

With God's help and a little preparation, you too can create a space where Jesus takes center stage.

After you've determined your passage, you're ready to prepare! InterVarsity Christian Fellowship created a prep sheet for Inductive Bible Study.  You can download the prep sheet here and use one for your study if you'd like.  It's formatted to help guide your preparation and then keep you organized while you're leading.

When preparing, spend about half your time getting to know the passage and the other half preparing to teach. Remember to be prayerful as you work through your preparation. Jesus wants to meet with you even as you prepare.  


Step A: Background and Context

You don't need to know EVERYTHING about the passage. But, taking a few minutes to learn where the passage fits in the bigger story of Scripture will help you immensely as you lead others.

For the bigger context, swipe a few pages forward and backward from your passage to learn about the surrounding stories or teachings. If your Bible has one, read the introduction to the book to learn about the author and historical setting. Consider checking out The Bible Project video that's relevant to your passage in their Read Scripture Series.

Then, go to your passage and read through it with this question in mind: What cultural or historical references puzzle you or might confuse your group? A reference book can be really helpful for this part. We can recommend The Gospel Promised for the OT and The Gospel Realized for the NT because they are a user-friendly way to learn the cultural and historical backstory of any passage.

Step B: Key Observations

Now it's time to study your passage in more detail. If you're new to an inductive style of Bible study, go here to begin working through our pages that outline leading observation.

Step C: Interpretive Questions and Core Message

Your group will hopefully come up with some excellent questions on their own during the study. But, it's foolhardy to walk into the study as a leader without a few great questions ready to go. If you're working from a study guide or other prepared questions, now is the time to read them over and find the best ones for your group. If you're crafting your own questions, we have some tips for writing TIGHT questions.

As you zero in on your questions, you'll also start to have some clarity on the core message of the passage.  Don't stress yourself out on this! It won't be perfect, but write out your current thinking on what forms the center of the passage.


Step A: Application Questions or Activities

Now, it's time to pivot your preparation from knowing the passage to getting ready to lead. We recommend starting with application so you'll know where the rest of the study is heading.

Step B: Background

Look over your notes on background/context and decide what you'll share with your group at the beginning of the study. Which pieces of information are most important for setting the stage? 

Step C: Observation Prompt/Activity

In this step, decide on any observation questions you’ll use for your study. Check out the section on leading observation for details.

Step D: Prepare a Summary

Because your summary is the stickiest and most concise statement of what the study is all about, this will likely be easiest to tackle last.  For many leaders, this doesn't mean writing out your summary word-for-word. However, you at least want to write down an idea or two that will be the backbone of your summary. That could be a catchy way of putting the core message into your own words, or an analogy or story that illuminates the message of the text. Remember that your summary should help bridge the rest of your study to your application question.

Check out the section on leading application for details about what makes a great summary.

Ok, you’re prepared! Remember that God is with you! Have a great time in his Word.

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